Estrogen is the female sex hormones produced by the ovaries which are responsible for the development of female sex characteristics. Estrogens are largely responsible for stimulating the uterine lining to thicken during the first half of the menstrual cycle in preparation for ovulation and possible pregnancy. They are also important for healthy bones and overall health. A small amount of these hormones is also produced in the male when testosterone is converted to estrogen.

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The Women's Health Initiative could not have detected cardioprotective effects of starting hormone therapy during the menopausal transition

March 2008, Volume 16, Number 1 (PDF, 504K file)

Fall 2007 Preview (PDF, 180K file)

April 2007 Volume 14, Number 3 (PDF, 653 file)

Winter 2007 Volume 14, Number 2 (PDF, 360 file)

Winter 2005-2006 Volume 13, Number 3 (PDF, 368K file)

Winter/Spring 2004, Volume 12, Number 1 (PDF, 185K file)

Spring 2003, Volume 11, Number 1 (PDF, 227K file)

Winter 2003, Volume 10, Number 4 (PDF, 151K file)

Winter 2001/Spring 2002, Volume 10, Number 1 (PDF, 429K file)

Spring 2001, Volume 9, Number 1 (PDF, 130K file)

Fall 2000, Volume 8, Number 3 (PDF, 67K file)

Spring 2000, Volume 8, Number 1 (PDF, 142K file)

Winter 1999, Volume 7, Number 4 (PDF, 224K file)

Fall 1999, Volume 7, Number 3 (PDF, 120K file)

Summer 1999, Volume 7, Number 2 (PDF, 166K file)

Spring 1999, Volume 7, Number 1 (PDF, 120K file)

Age and Fertility (booklet)

Hormonal contraception: recent advances and controversies

Menopausal Medicine October 2010, Volume 18, Number 4

Menopausal Medicine May 2010, Volume 18, Number 2

Menopausal Medicine August 2010, Volume 18, Number 3

Menopausal Medicine February 2011, Volume 19, Number 1

The Menopausal Transition (Perimenopause)

Abnormal Body Weight: A Preventable Cause Of Infertility

Menopausal Medicine August 2011, Volume 19, Number 3

Terapia hormonal bioidéntica (Bioidentical hormone therapy)

Menopausal Medicine September 2011 - Special e-newsletter

Noncontraceptive Benefits of Birth Control Pills


Hormonal Contraception

Insuficiencia Ovárica Prematura (IOP) (Premature ovarian failure

Osteoporosis (Osteoporosis)

Anticoncepción hormonal (Hormonal contraception)

Beneficios no contraceptivos de las píldoras anticonceptivas (Non contraceptive benefits of contraception)

La transición menopáusica-perimenopausia (The menopausal transition-perimenopause)

A decade after the Women's Health Initiative—the experts do agree

Compounded bioidentical menopausal hormone therapy

Sindrome de ovario poliquistico [SOP] (PCOS)

Pruebas diagnosticas para la infertilidad feminina (Diagnostic tests for female infertility)

Sangrado Uterino Anormal (Abnormal Uterine Bleeding)(2)

Dilatación y curetaje (D y C)

Abnormal uterine bleeding-Chinese

Infertility: an overview-Chinese

Coding Corner Questions


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