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Louisiana

Trigger Law Statutory Cite(s)

Does this law have a potential impact on IVF/Reproductive medicine?

Why or why not?

The law does not appear to be applicable to IVF and reproductive medicine services prior to an established pregnancy.

The definitions of “fertilization” and “unborn human being” could theoretically apply to the process of creating in vitro embryos, but the law only criminalizes activities performed upon a pregnant woman with the specific intent of causing or abetting the termination. 

Does this law explicitly reference IVF, assisted reproductive technology or reproductive medicine?

  • There are no explicit references to IVF or reproductive medicine services.
  • As written, the law would not directly impact IVF and reproductive medicine.

Are there any penalties in this law that could apply to ART procedures?

N/A

Relevant definitions

  • "Fertilization" means that point in time when a male human sperm penetrates the zona pellucida of a female human ovum.
  • "Pregnant" means the human female reproductive condition, of having a living unborn human being within her body throughout the entire embryonic and fetal stages of the unborn child from fertilization to full gestation and childbirth.
  • Unborn human being” means an individual living member of the species, homo sapiens, throughout the entire embryonic and fetal stages of the unborn child from fertilization to full gestation and childbirth.

Do the definitions/terms of the trigger law apply to other areas of state code?

N/A

What is the “trigger” for this law to take effect?

The trigger law takes effect upon:
  • Any decision that reverses, in whole or in part, Roe v. Wade “thereby restoring” to the state the “authority to prohibit abortion”
  • Adoption of an amendment to the U.S. Constitution which, in whole or in part, gives Louisiana the “authority to prohibit abortion”

Key provisions: What does the law prohibit and when does it apply?

  • No person may knowingly administer to, prescribe for, procure for, or sell to any pregnant woman any medicine, drug, or other substance with the intent of causing or abetting the termination of the life of an unborn human.
  • No person may knowingly use or employ any instrument or procedure upon a pregnant woman with the specific intent of causing or abetting the termination of the life of an unborn human
  • Exceptions:
    • A procedure necessary in reasonable medical judgment to prevent the death or substantial risk of death due to a physical condition, or to prevent the serious permanent impairment of a life-sustaining organ of a pregnant woman. The physician must make a reasonable medical effort under the circumstances to preserve the life of the mother and life of the unborn human being consistent with reasonable medical practice.
    • Medical treatment provided to a mother which results in the accidental or unintentional injury or death to the unborn human being.
  • The law shall not be construed to subject the pregnant woman cannot to any criminal conviction or penalty.
  • The law does not prohibit the sale, use, prescription, or administration of a contraceptive if it is administered prior to a time when a pregnancy could be determined through conventional medical testing.

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