News & Publications

IUDs Do Not Have Lingering Effect; Once Removed, They No Longer Prevent Pregnancy

October 16 , 2013
by: ASRM Office of Public Affairs
Published in ASRM Press Release

HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF FERTILITY SOCIETIES 21st WORLD CONGRESS ON FERTILITY AND STERILITY AND THE 69th ANNUAL MEETING OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE

Boston, MA- Although there is some public perception that intrauterine devices (IUDs) have a detrimental effect on women’s future fertility, women have relatively high pregnancy rates and normal pregnancy outcomes after their removal.

Researchers in Guangdong, China sent questionnaires to 562 women who had their IUDs removed between January 2012 and January 2013 so they could become pregnant.  A majority of the women, 72.6%, did conceive after having their IUDs removed. The average length of time to pregnancy was 11 months.  Pregnancy rates varied according to length of IUD use, and also according to age.  Most of the IUDs used by the women in the study were copper IUDs, and pregnancy rates after their removal were 78.4%; for levonorgestrel-containing IUDs, the pregnancy rate after removal was 74.4%.  The difference was not statistically significant.  The rate of pelvic inflammatory disease was 11.2%.  Although 12 women had ectopic pregnancies, there were not increased pregnancy complications or adverse fetal outcomes.

Mr. Richard Kennedy, Secretary General of the IFFS commented, “Being able to exercise some control over when they reproduce is a great emancipator for women. The fact that IUD use has no long-lasting effect on subsequent ability to conceive is reassuring news.”

P-576 Investigation of the Effect of Intrauterine Devices Contraception for Subsequent Pregnancy
J Du et al
 

Representing more than 50 fertility societies from around the globe, the International Federation of Fertility Societies (IFFS) is the world’s principal international fertility organization. The IFFS was founded in 1951, and held its first congress in New York in 1953. The IFFS mission is to stimulate basic and clinical research, disseminate education and encourage superior clinical care of patients in infertility and reproductive medicine. Website: http://www.iffs-reproduction.org/ 

The American Society for Reproductive Medicine, founded in 1944, is an organization of more than 7,000 physicians, researchers, nurses, technicians and other professionals dedicated to advancing knowledge and expertise in reproductive biology.  Affiliated societies include the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology, the Society for Male Reproduction and Urology, the Society for Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, the Society of Reproductive Surgeons and the Society of Reproductive Biologists and Technologists.


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