PG11: Third Party Reproduction In The United States: Legal, Medical And Psychological/Ethical Aspects

Date:October 12, 2013

Time:8:15 am - 5:00 pm

Location:Room 211 - Boston Convention and Exhibition Center


James M. Goldfarb, M.D. (Chair), University Hospitals of Cleveland

Susan L. Crockin, J.D., Georgetown University Law Center/Crockin Law & Policy Group, LLC

Julianne E. Zweifel, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin


Developed in Cooperation with the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology

Patient care

Third-party reproduction, particularly oocyte donation (OD) and gestational surrogacy (GS), has received much professional and public attention recently. Both of these procedures have been utilized since the mid-1980s, but as they have evolved, the medical, legal and psychological/ethical complexities have all increased. It is imperative that individuals involved with these procedures be aware of all the complex issues involved. Embryo donation (ED) and sperm donor insemination (DI) have attracted less attention and are medically not as complex as OD and GS. However, they, too, are associated with significant legal and psychological/ethical issues. 

This live course, designed for medical professionals involved in assisted reproductive technology (ART), examines the medical, legal and psychological/ethical issues involved in OD and GS, and to a lesser extent, ED and DI. Medical topics to be discussed include: safety considerations and inclusion/exclusion criteria for egg and sperm donors and gestational surrogates, number of embryos to transfer in egg and embryo donor and gestational surrogate cycles, and role of oocyte cryopreservation in OD cycles. Legal topics will include: model legislation by the American Bar Association, variation in regulation of third-party reproduction in different states, new legislative proposals to regulate third-party reproduction, informed consent and legal pitfalls. Psychological/ethical issues will include: egg donor and gestational surrogate payment, participant coercion, shared egg donation, divulging to offspring, and psychological aspects and screening tools of third-party reproduction.

At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to:

  1. Explain the legal issues regarding OD, GS, ED and DI, particularly regarding state legislative efforts to regulate third-party reproduction.
  2. Discuss issues with egg donation, including establishment of a national egg donor registry, differences between anonymous and directed egg donation, and guidelines for payment of egg donors.
  3. Discuss the medical procedures involved with third-party reproduction.


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